Tips to Conduct an Effective Drug Testing Program

The main purpose of conducting a drug testing program is to ensure that the dangerous habit of drug abuse is completely eliminated among the people. But to achieve the desired positive results, the program should be effective. And for effective implementation of this program, there are certain aspects to be taken care of. Here are a few tips that enable effective implementation of the program.

Explain the importance:

Teachers, parents, employers or any other personnel conducting the drug testing program should make it clear to the suspects that the purpose of the program is to ensure better and healthy living of the individual. It is their duty to explain the benefits of detecting and preventing the drug abusing habit. By doing so, the individuals will be encouraged to take the test without any inhibitions.

Determine the best method:

Drug testing methods are classified into different types depending on the sample used – hair, saliva, urine and blood. Of these methods, choose a method that is convenient. The convenience of the test should be judged in terms of ease of conducting and effectiveness in giving reliable results.

Be aware of drug detection windows:

Knowing drug detection windows is important for effective implementation of the program because, the drug detection periods vary from sample to sample and from drug to drug. For example, in case of amphetamines the drug detection period is 1 to 3 days in urine, 24 hours in blood, 90 days in hair and 0-24 hours in saliva.

Implement preventive methods to avoid sample alteration:

There is a probability that the suspects adulterate or manipulate (alter) test samples. Hence, make sure that the testing area/room does not contain any kind of materials/solvents which can be used to adulterate the test sample. It is also important that while collecting test samples, the donors should be monitored.

Use reliable test kits:

The effectiveness of the program is also dependent on the effectiveness of the equipment. Since testing at schools or workplaces requires on-site testing tools, drug test kits are recommended. These kits can also be used for home drug testing as they ensure privacy of results. These kits are cost effective, fast, safe, accurate and reliable. They are of different types based on the specimen used (saliva, urine, hair, etc.) and the design of kits (cups or strips). FDA approved kits give accurate results as they abide by the SAMHSA cut-off levels.

An effectively implemented drug testing program not only fetches accurate results but also plays a vital role in eliminating the habit of drug abuse.

Three Tips to Run a Car Wash Business

The car wash business is considered as a safe business, as it provides regular profits. It is not a sector that millionaires would like to dabble in. However, it does offer people, who look for reliable investment options and are willing to work hard, an opportunity to do something worthwhile.

As with any other business, the car wash business too has its own tricks of the trade. It is definitely a sure-fire profit making sector. However, that does not mean that you just have to start a company and profits will follow automatically. No business ever guarantees that.

The following are some tips on how to run a car wash business professionally and profitably:

Tip 1: Invest wisely in cleaning machines

Cleaning machines have to be the first priority of the investor. There is no use or purpose of spending extravagantly to buy the so-called best machines. On the other hand, it would be disastrous to buy the cheapest machines. You need to do a bit of home work before making the purchasing decision.

The problem with auto detailing is that it requires the use of multiple cleaning machines. An automobile consists of different types of surfaces, with each having varying levels of hardness. The exterior body and engine parts are hard and sturdy, windshield glasses are obviously, and fabric seat upholstery and carpets are soft.

A single machine cannot be used to clean all these types of surfaces. As a result, a car wash business essentially requires different types of machines that are pressure washers for cleaning the hard surfaces and carpet cleaners to clean the soft surfaces. Steam cleaners, too, do a good job of cleaning the hard surfaces.

Tip 2: Focus on quick delivery

One of the secrets of success of an auto detailing business is the quick delivery of the vehicles. In this busy world, owners want the vehicles as quickly as possible. The average delivery time in this business now can be within several hours. So, how can you ensure that the cleaning is done quickly?

Employing the right mobile car wash machines would help. You should use carpet cleaners equipped with low flow technology and pressure washers having a low flow rate. Using steam cleaners with dry vapor output is another good option.

In short, make sure that all the car detailing machines transfer less quantity of water on to the vehicle surfaces. While doing this, you have to ensure that there is no compromise on speed or efficiency of the mobile car wash machine.

Tip 3: Use green chemicals

A good cleaning agent improves the cleaning power and speed of most car detailing machines. However, synthetic detergents do more harm than good. These products improve the efficiency of car wash equipment, but leave more toxic residues on the vehicle surfaces than the dirt they help to remove.

This is the reason why most reputable suppliers recommend using green chemicals along with their car wash equipment. These products are derived from plants and vegetables, and do not contain a single toxic substance.

Car Colors And Personal Choices

If you look at the stories on car colors and the popular shades available in the color spectrum, you’ll see that white, followed by silver and black, has been a persistent choice for new car buyers. Of all cars sold in America, almost a quarter are white. In Asia, it seems that silver is more predominant while in Europe, somber black is more popular. This trend, specially the preference for white, has been popular only since the 90s. Before that, there was a more colorful array of cars, with red, green and orange vehicles common on U.S. roads.

It would take a sociologist or some other specialist to accurately speculate about color trends. Evidently though, external factors make people prefer some colors to others. For example, some colors, like gray, have become known to be less visible during dusk. This is a time when drivers have not yet turned on their headlights and daylight has become twilight. Maroon also seems to disappear as night falls, and anecdotal reports of dark or dull cars being more accident-prone may have become a reason why colors like these aren’t so popular in cars nowadays.

You’ll find some sites with table correlating some value or characteristic to particular colors. For example, red is supposed to be for dynamic, high-energy people, while yellow is for intelligent and comfort loving folk. Black would be for empowered, elegant business types while silver are for future-looking dudes. We can’t say that there isn’t any grain of truth to these classifications, but with white being a perennial favorite for several years, should we say that a majority of motoring enthusiasts are fastidious people? Because that’s what a lot of racing cars are painted with. White. There is a more practical reason to that though. White makes a terrific background for all those sponsorship decals and inspection of car parts for leaks or damage is easier if a car’s engine compartment or underchassis is white.

Dupont and PPG, both major paint suppliers to automotive manufacturers, have been keeping meticulous records on what colors sold most in years and decades past. Their data shows that people buyers are quite exacting in their color choices, although some consumer surveys indicate that a wider range of colors would be welcome too. Maybe the somber mood borne by not-so-optimistic economic news is affecting color choices too, which is why neutral tones are prevalent. But then, with more car owners opting to keep their cars longer, safe color choices will not look dated after just a few years.

Join the Ranks of Famous Mountaineers for a Real Challenge

Mountaineering is a popular pastime for the very adventurous and healthy. Climbing and scaling mountains incrusted with snow and ice for days at a time is an extremely difficult task and those who attempt it must be in excellent health and condition. There have been many “famous” mountaineers over the years and some have made quite a name for themselves such as Sir Edmund Hillary a mountaineer from New Zealand. Hillary’s most famous climb was the ascent of Mount Everest in 1953. According to records, the first bona fide climber of tall mountains was someone who was named Ötzi the Iceman, whose mummified body was found in the Alps at an elevation of around 3000 metres and thought to have been there for at least 5300 years! His discovery has been the subject of much study and research since it was found in 1991.

Mountaineering is a sport for some and profession for others
Many consider mountain climbing a sport or challenging hobby while some take it very seriously and have even made a profession out of scaling tall mountains. They rise to the challenge to prove something to themselves or gain recognition, fame, and fortune. Sponsorship makes financial gain possible for those who work hard to maintain the strength and health it takes for this rigorous task. Rock, ice, snow, and extreme weather conditions make for a risky yet rewarding lifestyle for those who take up the challenge. Women have also become adventurous and prominent as a result of their mountaineering skills. Annabelle Bond, who was born in 1969, is one of four British women to have climbed Mount Everest (2004). She went on to become the fastest woman to scale that famous mountain.

Climbing is an addictive pastime that reaps big rewards
Edward Whymper (another Londoner) was the first explorer and climber to ascend the Matterhorn back in 1865. His claim to fame on that particular climb may have been that he survived! Four members of the group he was with perished during the ascent.

Aron Lee Ralston, born in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA in 1975 made himself renowned by having to cut his own arm off in order to be freed after falling and being stuck between rocks for five days, seven hours. His perilous climb is depicted in a movie titled 127 Hours.

Major William Bill Tilman is another well known English explorer and mountaineer noted for his climbing in the Himalayans as well as sailing voyages.

Matthias Zurbriggen, born in Geneva in 1856 climbed the Alps extensively as a mountain guide and alpinist. He climbed the Aconcagua which is the highest peak of the Americas. He has a New Zealand mountain peak named after him, the Zurbriggen Ridge.

Reccardo Cassin, born in Italy in 1909 made over 2500 ascents and considered one of the leading mountaineers of his time.

George Mallory, noted Englishman and mountaineer became obsessed with the conquest of Mount Everest back in the 1920’s and upon his death his explanation of why he did it “Because it is there” caused him to become famous throughout the world.

Maurice Herzog, a Frenchman, was the first man to scale a peak over 8000 metres (8091m above sea level). He lost his gloves and nearly his life after developing painful frostbite on the fingers of both hands as well as some toes. He and his fellow climbers did make it down successfully however.

The above climbers and many others risk their lives but continue on, thriving on the challenge.

Woodstock CT Historic Homes: Roseland Cottage

Beautifully situated across from the Woodstock town green is Roseland Cottage built in 1846 by Henry Bowen with its colorful array of flower gardens. A classic example of the Gothic Revival architecture that was just becoming popular in the mid 19th century characterized by a steep roof line crowned with ornamented chimney pots, intricately detailed gables overhanging diamond leaded window. The siding has always been painted in a vibrant coral pink that has given the cottage its popular name as the “Pink House.”

Henry Bowen grew up in Woodstock and built a successful dry goods business in New York City specializing in silks. He and his wife Lucy enjoyed summers away from the city and Roseland Cottage was their country house where they entertained friends and powerful political connections including four United States Presidents. Henry and Lucy Bowen had ten children and Woodstock with its rural atmosphere and Henry’s long family history rooted in the area was the perfect retreat from the summer heat and congestion of the city.

Joseph C. Wells was the architect commissioned by Bowen in 1845 to design the 6,000 square Foot Gothic Revival Cottage for his growing family. The layout and design were deeply influenced by the principles of Andrew Jackson Downing who was a leading 19th Century landscape architect. The grounds include a garden house, carriage barn, an icehouse and aviary, but most notably an extensive 3,000 square foot boxwood parterre garden.

After 1850 when the Bowens began spending each summer in Woodstock, they planted the garden that graces the front of the cottage. It’s comprised of 600 yards of boxwood hedge surrounding twenty-one beds of spectacular annual and perennial flowers that have been a central feature of the cottage and Woodstock ever since.

According to family legend, Roseland Cottage was named after the family’s favorite flower, the rose, and it has always been painted pink. A scientific analysis by Historic New England identified thirteen shades of pink in the layers of paint over 160 years with the current coral pink being the color in the 1880’s that’s consistent with other decorative details in the restoration of the house.

Bowen was a political activist, an abolitionist and early supporter of the Republican Party which was the liberal party at the time that fielded the first abolitionist presidential platform in 1856. His dry goods business went bankrupt leading up to the Civil War due to his anti-slavery activism which caused irreconcilable differences with his Southern clients. He refused to support the Fugitive Slave Law and told Southern clients they could “Buy my goods – not my principles.”

After his business failed, he co-founded a successful insurance company, as well as founding and becoming editor of a popular anti-slavery newspaper, The Independent. With this newspaper, he became an important player in politics as the Republican Party grew stronger throughout the later part of the 19th Century.

Lucy Bowen tragically died from complications of giving birth to their tenth child in 1863. Henry remarried two years later Ellen Holt who became a loving mother to his children, and gave him a son. As his family continued to grow and his children had grandchildren, Bowen expanded Roseland Cottage and purchased lots surrounding the cottage until in 1870 the property was approximately six acres.

Beginning in 1870, Henry Bowen began hosting Fourth of July Independence Day parties as a way of promoting patriotism that drew hundreds of distinguished guests and thousands of attendees every year for the next twenty-five years. Four United States Presidents including Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley took part in these festivities.

The Fourth of July parties eventually grew to be so big that Bowen purchased sixty-acres in Woodstock to develop a public park to host the celebrations. Roseland Park featured a windmill that pumped water from the lake into 3 marble fountains with statues, there were fields of hitching posts for the “parking” of the horses that people rode in on.

It had a two-story bathing shed that were changing room where you could rent a woolen bathing costume weighed 20 lbs when wet, with a band-stand above it where bands would play music to the gathered picnickers. Roseland Park was first opened in 1876 during the centennial celebrations and in keeping with Bowen’s will has been open to the public ever since.

Roseland Cottage is open to the public between June 1 and October 15. Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1992, and widely regarded as one of the best preserved examples of Gothic Revival architecture in America makes Roseland Cottage one of Woodstock, Connecticut’s most important historic homes.

Romantic Tours in Malaysia – Packages for Couples That You Should Not Miss

Whether you are looking for a romantic getaway or a perfect place to go for your honeymoon, romantic tours in Malaysia is a great choice. Going out on holidays with your partner is always great for the relationship. This is why you need to make this vacation a great one since most couples today do not have the time or the luxury to spend a vacation outside of the country.

Beach Honeymoon

If a quiet beach honeymoon is what you are after, then there are plenty of those in Malaysia. For instance, Pangkor Island is a dreamy place for a beach holiday with your partner. Other than the magnificent natural scenery, you also get to see historical sites and experience the unsurpassed beauty of the beach in this side of the world.

While you are at it, you can also enjoy other activities that Malaysian beaches are known for. Stay occupied and entertained by jungle trekking and wind surfing among others. If you and your partner are the creative type, you might want to try batik painting.

You can also set a candlelight dinner or verandah brunch as part of the honeymoon suite. Your partner will surely love the romantic gesture as you relax and unwind with each other’s company.

Nature Adventure

If there is one thing tours in Malaysia are known for, it is the amazing natural beauty of the mountains, forests, and beaches. In other words, it is the perfect place to get back to nature and experience the simplicity of life.

Cameron Highlands is one of the greatest attractions for tourists who love physical activities such as hiking and jungle trekking. If you do not like physical activities, you can simply enjoy a candlelight dinner or afternoon tea in the area.

You and your loved one should also try the Mandrayu touch, which involves an hour of Jacuzzi session in open air. Nothing beats relaxing in a Jacuzzi with your partner while beholding the scenic view of Cameron Highlands.

There are plenty of places to visit here as well. You may want to see the Bee or Butterfly farm as well as the tea plantations which are great views for your eyes to feast on. More importantly, you will appreciate the fresh air and the simple but magnificent scenery.

Culture and Heritage

If you want to experience Malaysia culture and heritage with your partner, there are plenty of places you need to visit. There is the traditional Bidayuh Village which is a three hour tour from Kuchin to Sarawak. This part of the tours in Malaysia showcases the different customs and cultures of different ethnic groups in the country.

You may also want to include Kuching City in your historical tours in Malaysia since it is the perfect introduction to the rich history of the country. You may also want to visit the Batu Caves and the historical Malacca in Kuala Lumpur.

Four Essential Tips About How to Work at Home

A good guide is what you need in order to learn more about how to work at home. You must never fall for anything that sounds too good to be true and the kinds of opportunities that will require you to pay first before you get compensated. Although there are some real deals that will ask you to pay membership or registration fees, most of the genuine ones will not ask for money.

In your quest to find a job that you can do on a part-time basis, it is best that you settle for the kinds that do not require any payment. You are doing this in order to earn, so you must not allow yourself to be used by others who have the same goal, and those who would not mind getting their share from people who are seeking ways to augment their income.

Here’s a brief guide on how to work at home that you can use and follow while you are still trying to understand the process.

1. Is this kind of work environment really feasible? Yes and actually, more and more people are getting encouraged to try it. Some do this on a part-time basis, while there are also those who prefer working at home full time.

2. The hardest part of the process is in looking for the right opportunities. You have to do thorough research about the job providers, the jobs that are available and compensation. Make sure that the amount that you will get is commensurate with the kind of tasks that you will be required to do.

3. To make the process of looking for jobs a bit easier, you must go directly to credible sites that provide ample listings of opportunities. These are typically categorized depending on specialties and industries.

4. After finalizing your list of the opportunities that you are interested to try, you will then go through the process of application. There are some employers who will require you to speak with them via online chat or video call and there are those who will ask for the requirements to be submitted and tests to be passed to determine if you are qualified or not.

You can settle for one part time job or you can also try juggling many jobs at once. The most essential thing that you need to follow when it comes to how to work at home is to apply for jobs that you can really accomplish based on your skill and the amount of time that you are willing to spare for such.

Ceramic Headers Are A Sound Performance Choice

The first step is getting more power out of your car is freeing up your system’s exhaust tract. In terms of aftermarket upgrades, this is the path the majority of tuners take. Remember that the internal combustion engine is basically a pump, and the more gases you can flow through cannot but improve performance. When it comes to modifying your exhaust, your choices will be dictated by its intended use. For example, your ride does primary duty as a daily driver. In that case, state laws may limit you to a catback exhaust. Sometimes, the option may be open for you to replace your exhaust pipes and cats too, from the exhaust manifold collector down to the muffler itself.

But for complete freedom in modifying your exhaust, your engine and the rest of your car, it would be best to have a track car registered as such, and you can then replace components to what your budget will allow. One exhaust system component that has been the subject of discussion in recent years is ceramic-coated headers. Ceramic headers offer the dual benefits of lowering engine compartment temperature by keeping the heat metal tubes would otherwise radiate. But by keeping the exhaust heat within the tubes, exhaust gas scavenging is improved. Which is a fancy way of saying that gas flow is increased, thereby benefiting engine performance. Making a blanket prediction on how much performance can be gained with ceramic coatings can be tricky though, because a lot of variables in the rest of the exhaust system have to be taken into account.

Note that so-called ceramic headers are actually steel-pipe headers with a ceramic coating on them. They can be less expensive than stainless steel headers because manufacturers can use mild steel for forming the headers and then coat them with the ceramic material. So, in performance terms, ceramic headers can be better than popular stainless steel headers because of cost and performance factors. Stainless steel though wins in terms of durability but not cost. Aesthetically, gearheads who go for bling will choose the look of stainless.

Bear in mind that as you extract more horsepower from your car’s engine, heat will become a major factor. In this regard, ceramic headers will be a better choice because they will keep underhood temperatures down. They may not look as fancy as stainless steel headers, but if they contribute to a more powerful and reliable engine, what is the better choice?

The 9ff GTurbo 1200 With Custom Porsche Wheels

One of the most proficient Porsche models on the racetrack is the 911 GT3. It is designed specifically after the GT3 RSR race cars that Porsche uses in motorsports worldwide and is built to handle fast corners with ease. But the downfall of the 911 GT3 was that it wasn’t exactly a straight-line performance car, until the German car tuning specialists at 9ff transformed it with the GTrubo 1200. The new upgrade program gives the naturally-aspirated engine a powerful twin-turbocharger upgrade to go along with a modified chassis, new Porsche wheels, and a special exhaust.

The standard engine that comes in the 911 GT3 is a naturally-aspirated 3.8-liter that was designed after the racing engines used in the 911 GT3 RSRs sold by the German automaker. The high-revving flat-six cylinder engines were given a complete makeover thanks to 9ff with a new twin-turbocharger system that drastically increases output. The engine was bored out to 3.9 liters of displacement, reinforced with new steel pistons and rods, given upgraded camshafts and a new crankshaft, and fed with a new carbon fiber air box that fits onto a refinished intake manifold. A new exhaust system with sport catalytic converters, downpipes, mufflers, and quad tips helps to reduce backpressure and ensure that the turbochargers spool up quicker. After an ECU tune, the engine sends 1,200 horsepower at 8,100 RPM and 848 lb-ft. of torque at 5,800 RPM to each of the rear custom Porsche wheels. This blistering power output allows for the 9ff GTurbo 1200 to reach 62 mph in just 3.3 seconds, 124 mph in 7.1 seconds, and a top speed of 250 mph.

The power increase also necessitated that the chassis be upgraded. The transmission, driveshafts, and differential were all replaced with stronger units to handle 1,200 horsepower. The standard Porsche wheels were removed and new forged rims were installed with a center-locking mechanism similar to those used in race cars. In addition, new carbon ceramic brakes used in more powerful Porsche models were retrofitted to the 9ff GTurbo and a special Bilstein suspension was installed to allow for variable height, bound, and rebound settings. The finishing touch is a set of Continental Vmax tires fitted to the Porsche wheels that can handle the 200+ mph top speeds.

The cockpit of the new 9ff GTurbo 1200 features a more sport-oriented atmosphere. The two front seats were removed and replaced with special bucket seats that hold passengers in place better and are outfitted with alcantara. The dashboard, door panels, and center arm rest were each trimmed in a mix of leather and alcantara.

The new 9ff GTurbo upgrade conversion that includes the twin-turbocharged engine rebuild, new suspension, custom Porsche wheels, and unique interior design is currently available worldwide.

Europe – The Best Way to Explore Your Destinations

Our main modes of transportation consisted of the Eurorail, TGV, Metro and walking. But, as with every other aspect of trip planning, it is important to research because there are numerous options available.

There is the choice of whether to get first or second class train tickets; there really is a difference between the two although in the end, they both get you to where you want to go. With first class the seats are very comfortable, there is leg room and ample space for luggage, as well as drinks are offered by passing porters. We chose this option because of the length of time we would be spending on Eurorail while travelling through three different countries.

However, from Paris to Switzerland, we chose the TGV train system which travels at 320 km hour and often faster. This cut our train travel for this leg of our journey from over six hours to about three hours. We chose not to make reservations which would have been an additional cost, deciding to take our chances on not having to wait. Because we left early for the train station, and because the trains leave hourly, we were fortunate in not having a long wait time.

While in Switzerland we were able to use our Eurorail pass. If we had not had this pass, we would’ve had to purchase Swiss passes for transportation while in Switzerland. Our Eurorail pass also gave us passage on the ferries in both Lucerne and Interlacken as well as the cogwheel trains we took up Rigi Kulm Mountain and Jungfrauloch Mountain in Switzerland.

When we purchased our rail passes, based on the fact that we would be travelling to three countries, we got the three country, seven day pass which was ideal for our requirements although as it turned out, the two country pass would’ve been sufficient since the TGV had to be purchased separately. The cost of the pass is determined by the number of countries you visit and the number of days you are using your pass. Purchasing Eurorail passes outside of Europe is cheaper. The open tour bus in Rome was an additional cost. When we were travelling by train, we had to be aware of what the station before our stop was so we could get our luggage and be ready to leave the train when it came into the station.

While in Paris and Rome, we used the Metro system of transportation or by walking to our destinations. Both Metro systems were quite easy to use and in Paris in particular, almost every station had people available to answer questions. Also in Paris, the route you needed to take to get to the train level you wanted, was very clearly marked on the walls at each fork. While in Rome we only used their Metro system one day and had clear instructions on which line we needed to take and the station we had to get off. In both Paris and Rome Metro systems, the next station is shown overhead on a flashing sign so you are given ample warning.

The only taxi we took while in Europe was to the airport to catch our flights home. We could have taken a shuttle or bus to the train station which, between connections, would have taken several hours. For an early morning flight, and with the difficulty of having luggage to worry about, the cost of a taxi was well worth the extra money spent.

Before travelling, make sure to research, plan and organize so that things will go as smoothly as possible and time isn’t wasted trying to get information when that time could be spent travelling and getting to your point of destination more quickly. This is especially true when your travel time is limited as ours was – three countries, eight cities and other specific areas in just two weeks.